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Life-event specificity: bipolar disorder compared with unipolar depression

Hosang, Georgina M.; Korszun, Ania; Jones, Lisa; Jones, Ian; McGuffin, Peter and Farmer, Anne E.. 2012. Life-event specificity: bipolar disorder compared with unipolar depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(6), pp. 458-465. ISSN 0007-1250 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Background
Little is known about the impact of different types of stressful events (for example divorce v. bereavement) on unipolar depression compared with bipolar disorder. Inconsistencies exist concerning the association between independent events (beyond an individual’s control, such as bereavement) and bipolar disorder.

Aims
To examine the role of specific, independent and dependent events in mood disorders.

Method
Life-event information was collected from 512 people with bipolar disorder, 1448 people with unipolar depression and over 600 controls.

Results
Various events were associated with unipolar depression and bipolar disorder, but some event specificity was detected. For example, financial crisis was more strongly related to bipolar disorder rather than unipolar depression. Independent events were only related to unipolar depression and not bipolar disorder.

Conclusions
The events that were linked to bipolar disorder and unipolar depression were similar. Independent events were not associated with bipolar episodes, suggesting that life stress may be a consequence of, rather than a trigger for, bipolar episodes.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.112.111047

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
8 November 2012Published

Item ID:

10092

Date Deposited:

23 Apr 2014 09:22

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 15:55

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092

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