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A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara and Howlin, Patricia. 2014. A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(9), pp. 2087-2095. ISSN 0162-3257 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Autobiographical memory was assessed in 24 children (12 male, 12 female, aged between 8 and 16 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a comparison group of 24 typically developing (TD) children matched for age, IQ, gender and receptive language. Results suggested that a deficit in specific memory retrieval in the ASD group was more characteristic of male participants. Females in both the TD and ASD groups generated more detailed and emotional memories than males. They also demonstrated superior verbal fluency scores; verbal fluency and autobiographical memory cueing task performance were significantly positively correlated in females. Results are discussed in light of recent research suggesting gender differences in the phenotype of ASD

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2109-7

Additional Information:

This research was supported by funding from the Economic and Social Research Council (UK), ref: RES-062-23-0197

Keywords:

Autobiographical memory; gender; autism spectrum disorder

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
29 April 2014Published

Item ID:

10142

Date Deposited:

09 May 2014 08:02

Last Modified:

21 Feb 2019 15:09

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/10142

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