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Big Data Economies and Ecologies

Ruppert, Evelyn. 2015. Big Data Economies and Ecologies. In: Linda McKie and Louise Ryan, eds. An End to the Crisis of Empirical Sociology? Trends and Challenges in Social Science Research. London: Routledge, pp. 12-26. ISBN 9781138828674 [Book Section]

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Abstract or Description

Big Data generated by digital activities, mobile phone use, transactions, crowdsourcing, digitisation and so on along with innovative modes of analysis such as data linking, mining, correlating, and visualising are reconfiguring social science methods and knowledge practices. Rather than only generating data, social scientists now also scrape, harvest, assemble and re-purpose data generated by numerous digital devices often not of their making. Yet social scientists have long re-used data such as that compiled in documentary archives or generated by censuses and surveys. At issue then is not so much the re-purposing of data but the epistemological and ontological effects of knowledge practices that these new forms of data are mobilising. I examine these effects by thinking about the shifting relations, relays, dependencies and investments between subjects, owners, mediators, translators and gatekeepers that make up the economies and ecologies of Big Data. However, because these complex relations increasingly bury or make the provenance of data inaccessible, I bring attention to how we might think about what methods enact and the kinds of realities that they elevate. I call this ‘decisive data’, a move that understands that the 'reality' of Big Data is to be found in its mobilising effects, that is, worlds that it comes to actualise and legitimise when taken up by methods. It is an approach that doesn’t get further away from but closer to Big Data, not an anti-empiricism but a renewed empiricism that does not stand back and critique facts but gets closer to them as matters of concern. I argue that one ethical challenge is to find ways of being accountable, answerable and responsible to the effects of our methods that mobilise Big Data and the worlds and ways of being they elevate and promote.

Item Type:

Book Section

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Sociology > Centre for Invention and Social Process (CISP) [2016-]

Dates:

DateEvent
17 December 2015Published

Item ID:

14623

Date Deposited:

06 Nov 2015 16:53

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 17:34

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/14623

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