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Goldsmiths - University of London

Local Redundancy Governs Infants' Spontaneous Orienting to Visual-Temporal Sequences

Addyman, Caspar and Mareschal, Denis. 2013. Local Redundancy Governs Infants' Spontaneous Orienting to Visual-Temporal Sequences. Child Development, 84(4), pp. 1137-1144. ISSN 0009-3920 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Two experiments demonstrate that 5-month-olds are sensitive to local redundancy in visual-temporal sequences. In Experiment 1, 20 infants saw 2 separate sequences of looming colored shapes that possessed the same elements but contrasting transitional probabilities. One sequence was random whereas the other was based on bigrams. Without any prior exposure, infants looked longer at the random sequence. In Experiment 2, 17 infants looked equally long at bigram- and trigram-based sequences. However, an analysis of local redundancy revealed that in both experiments disengagement from the sequences was governed by local repetitions rather than by global sequence statistics. This finding suggests that a spontaneous sensitivity to stimulus complexity helps orient infants to sequences they can learn from.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

10.1111/cdev.12060

Keywords:

Analysis of Variance, Attention, Attention: physiology, Discrimination Learning, Discrimination Learning: physiology, Female, Fixation, Humans, Infant, Male, Ocular, Ocular: physiology, Orientation, Orientation: physiology, Pattern Recognition, Photic Stimulation, Random Allocation, Serial Learning, Time Factors, Visual, Visual Perception, Visual Perception: physiology, Visual: physiology

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2013Published

Item ID:

16123

Date Deposited:

08 Jan 2016 13:32

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 12:48

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/16123
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