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Musical expertise has minimal impact on dual task performance

Cocchini, Gianna; Filardi, Maria Serena; Crhonkova, Marcela and Halpern, Andrea. 2017. Musical expertise has minimal impact on dual task performance. Memory, 25(5), pp. 677-685. ISSN 0965-8211 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Studies investigating effect of practice on dual task performance have yielded conflicting findings, thus supporting different theoretical accounts about the organization of attentional resources when tasks are performed simultaneously. Because practice has been proven to reduce the demand of attention for the trained task, the impact of long-lasting training on one task is an ideal way to better understand the mechanisms underlying dual task decline in performance.

Our study compared performance during dual task execution in expert musicians compared to controls with little if any musical experience. Participants performed a music recognition task and a visuo-spatial task separately (single task) or simultaneously (dual task). Both groups showed a significant but similar performance decline during dual tasks. In addition, the two groups showed a similar decline of dual task performance during encoding and retrieval of the musical information, mainly attributed to a decline in sensitivity. Our results suggest that attention during dual tasks is similarly distributed by expert and non-experts. These findings are in line with previous studies showing a lack of sensitivity to difficulty and lack of practice effect during dual tasks, supporting the idea that different tasks may rely on different and not sharable attentional resources.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2016.1205628

Additional Information:

ARH was partly supported by a Leverhulme Visiting Professorship during her sabbatical year at Goldsmiths.

Keywords:

Dual task, Practice, Music, Visual Patterns test

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
20 June 2016Accepted
18 July 2016Published Online
2017Published

Item ID:

18625

Date Deposited:

22 Jun 2016 11:36

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2018 11:54

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/18625

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