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From sensorimotor learning to memory cells in prefrontal and temporal association cortex: A neurocomputational study of disembodiment

Pulvermüller, F. and Garagnani, M.. 2014. From sensorimotor learning to memory cells in prefrontal and temporal association cortex: A neurocomputational study of disembodiment. Cortex, 57, pp. 1-21. ISSN 0010-9452 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Memory cells, the ultimate neurobiological substrates of working memory, remain active for several seconds and are most commonly found in prefrontal cortex and higher multisensory areas. However, if correlated activity in “embodied” sensorimotor systems underlies the formation of memory traces, why should memory cells emerge in areas distant from their antecedent activations in sensorimotor areas, thus leading to “disembodiment” (movement away from sensorimotor systems) of memory mechanisms? We modelled the formation of memory circuits in six-area neurocomputational architectures, implementing motor and sensory primary, secondary and higher association areas in frontotemporal cortices along with known between-area neuroanatomical connections. Sensorimotor learning driven by Hebbian neuroplasticity led to formation of cell assemblies distributed across the different areas of the network. These action-perception circuits (APCs) ignited fully when stimulated, thus providing a neural basis for long-term memory (LTM) of sensorimotor information linked by learning. Subsequent to ignition, activity vanished rapidly from APC neurons in sensorimotor areas but persisted in those in multimodal prefrontal and temporal areas. Such persistent activity provides a mechanism for working memory for actions, perceptions and symbols, including short-term phonological and semantic storage. Cell assembly ignition and “disembodied” working memory retreat of activity to multimodal areas are documented in the neurocomputational models' activity dynamics, at the level of single cells, circuits, and cortical areas. Memory disembodiment is explained neuromechanistically by APC formation and structural neuroanatomical features of the model networks, especially the central role of multimodal prefrontal and temporal cortices in bridging between sensory and motor areas. These simulations answer the “where” question of cortical working memory in terms of distributed APCs and their inner structure, which is, in part, determined by neuroanatomical structure. As the neurocomputational model provides a mechanistic explanation of how memory-related “disembodied” neuronal activity emerges in “embodied” APCs, it may be key to solving aspects of the embodiment debate and eventually to a better understanding of cognitive brain functions.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2014.02.015

Keywords:

Cognitive theory; Embodied cognition; Hebbian learning; Neurobiology of working memory; Perception action circuit

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Computing

Dates:

DateEvent
8 February 2014Accepted
11 March 2014Published Online
1 August 2014Published

Item ID:

19284

Date Deposited:

13 Dec 2016 11:49

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2018 19:33

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/19284

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