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Emotion expression modulates perception of animacy from faces

Bowling, Natalie and Banissy, Michael J.. 2017. Emotion expression modulates perception of animacy from faces. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 71, pp. 83-95. ISSN 0022-1031 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Discriminating real human faces from artificial can be achieved quickly and accurately by face-processing networks, but less is known about what stimulus qualities or interindividual differences in the perceiver might influence whether a face is perceived as being alive. In the present studies, morphed stimuli differing in levels of animacy were created. Participants made judgements about whether the face appeared animate at different levels along the morph continuum. The
faces varied in terms of emotional expression (happy vs. neutral) and gender. Male faces were judged to be animate at a lower threshold (i.e., closer to the inanimate end of the continuum) than female faces. Animacy was also perceived more readily in faces with happy expressions than neutral. These effects were observed across two separate studies involving different participants and different sets of stimuli (animate faces morphed with dolls or those morphed with computer generated faces). Finally, the influence of interindividual variability in personality traits on animacy perception was examined. This revealed that an externally oriented cognitive style, a component of alexithymia, was associated with lower thresholds for perceiving animacy, for animate faces morphed with dolls. The findings are discussed in relation to inter- and intra-individual variability in animacy perception and social interaction.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2017.02.004

Keywords:

Animacy; Face perception; Emotion; Alexithymia; Objectification

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
14 February 2017Accepted
14 March 2017Published Online
1 July 2017Published

Item ID:

20038

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2017 14:53

Last Modified:

21 Feb 2019 12:57

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20038

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