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Configurations of early risk and their association with academic, cognitive, emotional and behavioural outcomes in middle childhood

Oliver, Bonamy R; Kretschmer, Tina and Maughan, Barbara. 2014. Configurations of early risk and their association with academic, cognitive, emotional and behavioural outcomes in middle childhood. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(5), pp. 723-732. ISSN 0933-7954 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Purpose: Risk factors for children’s development are multifarious and co-occur, having cumulative as well as individual impacts. Yet common configurations of early childhood risks remain little understood. The current study aimed to identify patterns of early risk exposure and to examine their relationship with diverse outcomes in middle childhood. Methods: Using latent class analysis in a large, community-based, UK sample (N=13,699), we examined thirteen putative risk factors to identify patterns of exposure. Results: Four risk configurations were identified: low (65%), socio-demographic (14%), family dysfunction (12%), and multiple (9%) risk classes. As expected, children in the low risk group fared best on all outcome measures, and those with multiple risk worst. Importantly, specificity in associations with outcomes emerged, such that cognitive outcomes were predominantly linked with socio-demographic adversities, emotional difficulties with family dysfunction, and conduct problems increased across risk classes. Conclusions: Better understanding of configurations of childhood risk exposures may help to target resources for children in need.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0756-1

Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
May 2014Published
23 August 2013Published Online

Item ID:

21243

Date Deposited:

22 Sep 2017 13:21

Last Modified:

03 Oct 2017 10:40

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/21243

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