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Genetic and environmental origins of verbal and performance components of cognitive delay in 2-year-olds.

Eley, Thalia C.; Bishop, Dorothy V. M.; Dale, Philip S.; Oliver, Bonamy R; Petrill, Steven A.; Price, Thomas S.; Saudino, Kimberly J.; Simonoff, Emily; Stevenson, Jim; Plomin, Robert and Purcell, Shaun. 1999. Genetic and environmental origins of verbal and performance components of cognitive delay in 2-year-olds. Developmental Psychology, 35(4), pp. 1122-1131. ISSN 0012-1649 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The authors investigated the etiology of several measures of cognitive delay. Verbal (V) and performance (P) abilities were assessed in over 3,000 pairs of 2-year-old twins. Group-differences heritability for general delay (the lowest 5% of the V and P composite) was 35%. However, V and P delays considered independently showed large differences in group heritability (77% for V vs. 40% for P). Specific delays with comorbid cases eliminated showed an even greater difference in group heritability (78% vs. 22%, respectively). The small sample comorbid for both V and P delay also yielded high group heritability for both V (77%) and P (93%) scores. Shared environmental factors also differed in magnitude for V (20%) and P (41 %) delays. Because the genetic and environmental origins of V and P delays in infancy differ, they are better considered separately rather than combined into a composite measure of general cognitive delay.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.35.4.1122

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
1999Published

Item ID:

21310

Date Deposited:

29 Sep 2017 10:27

Last Modified:

29 Sep 2017 10:28

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/21310

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