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History of Early Childhood Education

Liebovich, Betty. 2016. History of Early Childhood Education. In: , ed. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Contemporary Early Childhood Education. Los Angeles: Sage. ISBN 9781483340357 [Book Section]

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Abstract or Description

History of Early Childhood Programs in the United States
The origins of the early childhood program movement in the United States (U.S.) can be traced to the religious, philosophical, political, and industrial revolutions that transformed Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Some of the influential theorists who have contributed to the field of early childhood include Johan Amos Comenius (1592-1670), a Moravian bishop; John Locke (1632-1704), an English philosopher and physician; Jean-Jacque Rousseau (1712-1778), a German philosopher, writer and composer; Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827), a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer; Robert Owen (1771-1858), a Welsh social reformer; Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (1782-1852), a German pedagogue and a student of Pestalozzi; John Dewey (1859-1952), an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer; Maria Tecla Artemesia Monessori (1870-1952), an Italian physician and educator; Lev Vygostsky (1896-1934), a Soviet Belarusian psychologist; Jean Piaget (1896-1980), a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher; Erik Homburger Erikson (1902-1994), a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst; Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-1970), an American psychologist; and Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005), born in the Soviet Union, an American developmental psychologist. This stage in the education and socialization of a child typically refers to a child’s experiences prior to entering the primary grades at age six. Early childhood programs and education are complex and varied, with each having a distinct history of its own. This entry gives a brief history of the nursery, prekindergarten and kindergarten programs in the U.S.

Item Type:

Book Section

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Educational Studies

Dates:

DateEvent
2016Published

Item ID:

22013

Date Deposited:

23 Oct 2017 10:02

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2017 10:02

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/22013

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