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Destination memory and familiarity: better memory for conversations with Elvis Presley than with unknown people

El Haj, Mohamad; Omigie, Diana and Samson, Séverine. 2014. Destination memory and familiarity: better memory for conversations with Elvis Presley than with unknown people. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(3), pp. 337-344. ISSN 1594-0667 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Background and aims
Familiarity is assumed to exert a beneficial effect on memory in older adults. Our paper investigated this issue specifically for destination memory, that is, memory of the destination of previously relayed information.

Methods
Young and older adults were told familiar (Experiment 1) and unfamiliar (Experiment 2) proverbs associated with pictures depicting faces of celebrities (e.g., Elvis Presley) or unknown people, with a specific proverb assigned to each face. In a later recognition task, participants were presented with the previously exposed proverb–face pairs and for each pair had to decide whether they had previously relayed the given proverb to the given face.

Results
In general, destination performance was found to be higher for familiar than for unfamiliar faces. However while there was no difference between the two groups when the proverbs being relayed were unfamiliar, the advantage of face familiarity on destination memory was present only for older adults when the proverbs being relayed were familiar.

Discussion and conclusions
Our results show that destination memory in older adults is sensitive to familiarity of both destination and output information.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-014-0286-z

Keywords:

Aging, Destination memory, Familiarity

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
11 November 2014Published Online

Item ID:

23538

Date Deposited:

28 Jun 2018 09:42

Last Modified:

28 Jun 2018 09:42

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/23538

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