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Predictive Modelling Strategies to Understand Heterogeneous Manifestations of Asthma in Early Life

Belgrave, Danielle; Cassidy, Rachel; Stamate, Daniel; Custovic, Adnan; Fleming, Louise; Bush, Andrew and Saglani, Sejal. 2018. 'Predictive Modelling Strategies to Understand Heterogeneous Manifestations of Asthma in Early Life'. In: 16th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications 2017. Cancun, Mexico. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract or Description

Wheezing is common among children and ~50% of those under 6 years of age are thought to experience at least one
episode of wheeze. However, due to the heterogeneity of symptoms there are difficulties in treating and diagnosing these children. ‘Phenotype specific therapy’ is one possible avenue of treatment, whereby we use significant pathology and physiology to identify and treat pre-schoolers with wheeze. By performing feature selection algorithms and predictive modelling techniques, this study will attempt to determine if it is possible to robustly distinguish patient diagnostic categories among pre-school children. Univariate feature analysis identified more objective variables and recursive feature elimination a larger number of subjective variables as important in distinguishing between patient categories. Predicative modelling saw a drop in performance when subjective variables were removed from analysis, indicating that these variables are important in distinguishing wheeze classes. We achieved 90%+ performance in AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, and 80%+ in kappa statistic, in distinguishing ill from healthy patients. Developed in a synergistic statistical - machine learning approach, our methodologies propose also a novel ROC Cross Evaluation method for model post-processing and evaluation. Our predictive modelling's stability was assessed in computationally intensive Monte Carlo simulations.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMLA.2017.0-176

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Computing

Dates:

DateEvent
18 January 2018Published

Event Location:

Cancun, Mexico

Item ID:

24699

Date Deposited:

13 Nov 2018 15:26

Last Modified:

13 Nov 2018 15:28

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/24699

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