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Spatial Anxiety and Spatial Performance in Univeristy Students in Russia and China

Wei, Wei; Budakova, Anna; Bloniewski, Tomasz; Matsepuro, Daria and Kovas, Yulia. 2018. Spatial Anxiety and Spatial Performance in Univeristy Students in Russia and China. The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS, 49(89), pp. 771-781. [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Previous studies showed inconsistent results with regards to the levels of spatial anxiety and its associations with spatial performance in males and females. In the current study, we recruited two samples from China and Russia to assess males and females on three different spatial dimensions (spatial perception, mental rotation, and spatial visualization). Eight spatial ability tests were used to measure spatial abilities the in three dimensions. The results showed that males outperformed females on all three spatial dimensions. Some differences in performance and anxiety levels were also observed across the two countries samples and are discussed in light of potential differences in selection criteria and aspects of culture. Compared to males, females had higher spatial anxiety, overall. Similar magnitudes of correlations between spatial anxiety and spatial dimesions were observed in the Russian and Chinese samples. For further analysis, the participants were divided into two groups: low spatial anxiety and high spatial anxiety according to the median of spatial anxiety for each country. Results showed significant differences between low and high spatial anxiety groups in performance on the three spatial tasks and the composite spatial ability measure. In addition, females had more anxiety on spatial perception and visualization. However, for males and females the correlations between anxiety and spatial visualization, and anxiety and spatial perception were of similar magnitudes.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2018.11.02.89

Keywords:

spatial anxiety, spatial perception, mental rotation, spatial visualization, sex differences

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
29 September 2018Accepted
30 November 2018Published Online

Item ID:

25870

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2019 11:55

Last Modified:

04 Mar 2019 18:43

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/25870

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