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Goldsmiths - University of London

Gamma and beta frequency oscillations in response to novel auditory stimuli: a comparison of human electroencephalogram (EEG) data with in vitro models

Haenschel, Corinna; Baldeweg, Torsten; Croft, Rodney J.; Whittington, Miles and Gruzelier, John. 2000. Gamma and beta frequency oscillations in response to novel auditory stimuli: a comparison of human electroencephalogram (EEG) data with in vitro models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97(13), pp. 7645-7650. ISSN 00278424 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Investigations using hippocampal slices maintained in vitro have demonstrated that bursts of oscillatory field potentials in the gamma frequency range (30–80 Hz) are followed by a slower oscillation in the beta 1 range (12–20 Hz). In this study, we demonstrate that a comparable gamma-to-beta transition is seen in the human electroencephalogram (EEG) in response to novel auditory stimuli. Correlations between gamma and beta 1 activity revealed a high degree of interdependence of synchronized oscillations in these bands in the human EEG. Evoked (stimulus-locked) gamma oscillations preceded beta 1 oscillations in response to novel stimuli, suggesting that this may be analogous to the gamma-to-beta shift observed in vitro. Beta 1 oscillations were the earliest discriminatory responses to show enhancement to novel stimuli, preceding changes in the broad-band event-related potential (mismatch negativity). Later peaks of induced beta activity over the parietal cortex were always accompanied by an underlying gamma frequency oscillation as seen in vitro. A further analogy between in vitro and human recordings was that both gamma and beta oscillations habituated markedly after the initial novel stimulus presentation.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.120162397

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
June 2000Published

Item ID:

5290

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2011 14:47

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 15:27

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/5290
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