Research Online

Logo

Goldsmiths - University of London

Programming environments: environmentality and citizen sensing in the smart city

Gabrys, Jennifer. 2014. Programming environments: environmentality and citizen sensing in the smart city. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(1), pp. 30-48. ISSN 0263-7758 [Article]

[img]
Preview
Text (Gabrys_SmartCity_EPDOnline.pdf)
Gabrys_SmartCity_EPDOnline.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (240kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

A new wave of smart cities projects is underway that proposes to deploy sensor-based ubiquitous computing across urban infrastructures and mobile devices to achieve greater sustainability. But in what ways do these smart and sustainable cities give rise to distinct material-political arrangements and practices that potentially delimit urban “citizenship” to a series of actions focused on monitoring and managing data? And what are the implications of computationally organized distributions of environmental governance that are programmed for distinct functionalities, and are managed by corporate and state actors that engage with cities as datasets to be manipulated? Working through an early and formative smart cities design proposal, the Connected Sustainable Cities (CSC) project, developed by MIT and Cisco within the Connected Urban Development initiative from 2007 to 2008, this paper discusses the ways in which smart city proposals might be understood through processes of environmentality, or the distribution of governance within and through environments and environmental technologies. Revisiting and reworking Foucault’s notion of environmentality in the context of the CSC smart cities design proposal, this paper advances an approach to environmentality that deals not with the production of environmental subjects, but rather attends to the specific spatial-material distribution and relationality of power through environments, technologies and ways of life. By updating and advancing environmentality through a discussion of computational urbanisms, this paper considers how practices and operations of citizenship emerge that are a critical part of the imaginings of smart and sustainable cities. This re-versioning of environmentality through the smart city recasts who or what counts as a “citizen,” and attends to the ways in which citizenship is articulated environmentally through the distribution and feedback of monitoring and urban data practices, rather than through governable subjects or populations.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1068/d16812

Related items in GRO:

TypeURL
Automatic sensation: environmental sensors in the digital cityhttp://eprints.gold.ac.uk/263
Atmospheres of communicationhttp://eprints.gold.ac.uk/4492/
Telepathically urbanhttp://eprints.gold.ac.uk/4544/

Keywords:

Smart city, sustainable city, environmentality, citizen sensing, biopolitics 2.0, programmed city

Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Sociology

Dates:

DateEvent
11 February 2014Published

Event Location:

Seattle, United States

Item ID:

5641

Date Deposited:

09 Jun 2011 15:37

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2018 13:10

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/5641

View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)