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Willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and the likelihood of decreased condom use are both associated with unprotected anal intercourse and the perceived likelihood of becoming HIV positive among Australian gay and bisexual men

Holt, Martin; Murphy, Dean, A.; Callander, Denton; Ellard, Jeanne; Rosengarten, Marsha; Kippax, Susan and de Wit, John. 2012. Willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and the likelihood of decreased condom use are both associated with unprotected anal intercourse and the perceived likelihood of becoming HIV positive among Australian gay and bisexual men. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 88(4), pp. 258-263. ISSN 1368-4973 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objectives: To investigate willingness to use HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and the likelihood of decreased condom use among Australian gay and bisexual men.

Methods: A national, online cross-sectional survey was conducted in April to May 2011. Bivariate relationships were assessed with c2 or Fisher’s exact test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess independent relationships with primary outcome variables.

Results: Responses from 1161 HIV-negative and untested men were analysed. Prior use of antiretroviral drugs as PrEP was rare (n¼6). Just over a quarter of the sample (n¼327; 28.2%) was classified as willing to use PrEP. Willingness to use PrEP was independently associated with younger age, having anal intercourse with casual partners (protected or unprotected), having fewer concerns about PrEP and perceiving oneself to be at risk of HIV. Among men who were willing to use PrEP (n¼327), only 26 men (8.0%) indicated that they would be less likely to use condoms if using PrEP. The likelihood of decreased condom use was independently associated with older age, unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners (UAIC) and perceiving oneself to be at increased risk of HIV.

Conclusions: The Australian gay and bisexual men the authors surveyed were cautiously optimistic about PrEP. The minority of men who expressed willingness to use PrEP appear to be appropriate candidates, given that they are likely to report UAIC and to perceive themselves to be at risk of HIV.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2011-050312

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Sociology

Dates:

DateEvent
June 2012Published

Item ID:

7071

Date Deposited:

28 May 2012 15:11

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 09:42

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/7071

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