Logo
Logo

Goldsmiths - University of London

Mental health antecedents of early midlife insomnia: evidence from a four-decade longitudinal study

Goldman-Mellor, S.J.; Gregory, Alice M.; Caspi, Avshalom; Harrington, HonaLee; Parsons, Michael J.; Poulton, Richie and Moffitt, Terrie E.. 2014. Mental health antecedents of early midlife insomnia: evidence from a four-decade longitudinal study. Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105 [Article] (In Press)

[img]
Preview
Text
PSY-Gregory-2014d.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (299kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Study objectives. Insomnia is a highly prevalent condition that constitutes a major public health and economic burden. However, little is known about the developmental etiology of adulthood insomnia. Design. We examined whether indicators of psychological vulnerability across multiple developmental periods (psychiatric diagnoses in young adulthood and adolescence, childhood behavioral problems, and familial psychiatric history) predicted subsequent insomnia in adulthood.

Setting and participants. We used data from the ongoing Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, a population-representative birth cohort study of 1,037 children in New Zealand who were followed prospectively from birth (1972–1973) through their fourth decade of life with a 95% retention rate.

Measurements. Insomnia was diagnosed at age 38 according to DSM-IV criteria. Psychiatric diagnoses, behavioral problems, and family psychiatric histories were assessed between ages 5 and 38. Results. In cross-sectional analyses, insomnia was highly comorbid with multiple psychiatric disorders. After controlling for this concurrent comorbidity, our results showed that individuals who have family histories of depression or anxiety, and who manifest lifelong depression and anxiety beginning in childhood, are at uniquely high risk of age-38 insomnia. Other disorders did not predict adulthood insomnia.

Conclusions. The link between lifelong depression and anxiety symptoms and adulthood insomnia calls for further studies to clarify the neurophysiological systems or behavioral conditioning processes that may underlie this association.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Insomnia, Anxiety, Depression.
Departments, Centres and Research Units: Psychology
Item ID: 7347
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2014 08:02
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 08:42
URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/7347

View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)