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Extinction and Anti-extinction: The “Attentional Waiting” Hypothesis

Watling, Rosamond; Danckert, James; Linnell, Karina J and Cocchini, Gianna. 2013. Extinction and Anti-extinction: The “Attentional Waiting” Hypothesis. Neuropsychology, 27(2), pp. 275-279. ISSN 0894-4105 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objective: Patients with visual extinction have difficulty detecting a single contralesional stimulus when
a second stimulus is simultaneously presented on the ipsilesional side. The rarely reported phenomenon
of visual anti-extinction describes the opposite behavior, in which patients show greater difficulty in
reporting a stimulus presented in isolation than they do in reporting 2 simultaneously presented stimuli.
S. J. Goodrich and R. Ward (1997, Anti-extinction following unilateral parietal damage, Cognitive
Neuropsychology, Vol. 14, pp. 595–612) suggested that visual anti-extinction is the result of a taskspecific
mechanism in which processing of the ipsilesional stimulus facilitates responses to the contralesional
stimulus; in contrast, G. W. Humphreys, M. J. Riddoch, G. Nys, and D. Heinke (2002, Transient
binding by time: Neuropsychological evidence from anti-extinction, Cognitive Neuropsychology, Vol.
19, pp. 361–380) suggested that temporal binding groups contralesional and ipsilesional stimuli together
at brief exposure durations. Method: We investigated extinction and anti-extinction phenomena in 3
brain-damaged patients using an extinction paradigm in which the stimulus exposure duration was
systematically manipulated. Results: Two patients showed both extinction and anti-extinction depending
on the exposure duration of stimuli. Data confirmed the crucial role of duration in modulating the effect
of extinction and anti-extinction. However, contrary to Humphreys and colleagues’ (2002) single case,
our patients showed extinction for short and anti-extinction for long exposure durations, suggesting that
different mechanisms might underlie our patients’ pattern of data. Conclusion: We discuss a novel
“attentional waiting” hypothesis, which proposes that anti-extinction may be observed in patients
showing extinction if the exposure duration of stimuli is increased.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031866

Keywords:

visual extinction, anti-extinction, neglect

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology
Research Office > REF2014

Dates:

DateEvent
March 2013Published

Item ID:

7929

Date Deposited:

22 Apr 2013 08:40

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:09

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/7929

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