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The Governmental Topologies of Database Devices

Ruppert, Evelyn. 2012. The Governmental Topologies of Database Devices. Theory, Culture and Society, 29(4-5), pp. 1-21. ISSN 0263-2764 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

In business and government, databases contain large quantities of digital transactional data (purchases made, services used, finances transferred, benefits received, licences acquired, borders crossed, tickets purchased). The data can be understood as ongoing and dynamic measurements of the activities and doings of people. In government, numerous database devices have been developed to connect such data across services to discover patterns and identify and evaluate the performance of individuals and populations. Under the UK’s New Labour government, the development of such devices was part of a broader policy known as ‘joined-up thinking and government’. Analyses of this policy have typically understood joining up as an operation of adding together distributed data about subjects, which can then be used in the service of government surveillance, the database state or informational capitalism. But rather than such technical or managerialist analytics, I argue that topological analytics capture what these database devices enact and do: they materialize the ‘individuality’ of subjects in intensified, distributed and fluctuating ways and materialize and intensify a logic of what Deleuze describes as modulating controls. Through examples of UK New Labour social policy initiatives over the past decade, I argue that topological analytics can account for these as immanent rather than exceptional properties of database devices and, as such, part and parcel of a governmental logic and ontology of subjects.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276412439428

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Sociology

Dates:

DateEvent
2012Published

Item ID:

7961

Date Deposited:

29 Apr 2013 13:30

Last Modified:

07 Jul 2017 12:27

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/7961

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