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Dysrhythmia: a specific congenital rhythm perception deficit

Launay, Jacques; Grube, Manon and Stewart, Lauren. 2014. Dysrhythmia: a specific congenital rhythm perception deficit. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, pp. 1-8. ISSN 1664-1078 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Why do some people have problems "feeling the beat"? Here we investigate participants with congenital impairments in musical rhythm perception and production. A web-based version of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia was used to screen for difficulties with rhythmic processing in a large sample and we identified three "dysrhythmic" individuals who scored below cut-off for the rhythm subtest, but not the pitch-based subtests. Follow-up testing in the laboratory was conducted to characterize the nature of both rhythm perception and production deficits in these dysrhythmic individuals. We found that they differed from control participants when required to synchronize their tapping to an external stimulus with a metrical pulse, but not when required to tap spontaneously (with no external stimulus) or to tap in time to an isochronous stimulus. Dysrhythmics exhibited a general tendency to tap at half the expected tempo when asked to synchronize to the beat of strongly metrical rhythms. These results suggest that the individuals studied here did not have motor production problems, but suffer from a selective rhythm perception deficit that influences the ability to entrain to metrical rhythms.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00018#sthash.AILD3v3B.dpuf

Additional Information:

Funded by Economic Social Research council (ESRC; RES-061-25-0155)

Keywords:

amusia, beat, meter, motor timing, rhythm

Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
5 February 2014Published

Item ID:

9928

Date Deposited:

21 Mar 2014 15:01

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 07:59

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/9928

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