Why political ontology must be experimentalized, On ecoshowhomes as devices of participation

Marres, Noortje. 2013. Why political ontology must be experimentalized, On ecoshowhomes as devices of participation. Social Studies of Science, 43(3), pp. 417-443. ISSN 0306-3127 [Article]

Text (Why Political Ontology must be Experimentalized)
Marres_SSS_political_ontology_version nov 2012.pdf - Submitted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (355kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

This paper contributes to debates about the ontological turn and its implications for democracy by proposing an experimental understanding of political ontology. It discusses why the shift from epistemology to ontology in STS has proved inconclusive for the study of politics and democracy: the politics of non-humans has been assumed to operate on a different level from that of politics and democracy understood as institutional and public forms. I distinguish between three different understandings of political ontology: theoretical, empirical and experimental. Each of these implies a different approach to the problem that non-humans pose for democracy. Theoretical ontology proposes to solve it by conceptual means, while empirical ontology renders it manageable by assuming a problematic analytic separation between constituting and constituted ontology. This paper makes the case for the third approach, experimental ontology, by analysing an empirical site, that of the ecoshowhome. In this setting, material entities are deliberately invested with moral and political capacities. As such, ecoshowhomes help to clarify two main features of experimental political ontology: 1) ontological work is here not so much relocated from theory to empirical practice, but distributed among actors and entities involved in them, and 2) normative variability does not just pertain to the enactment of things, but can be conceived of as internal to political objects. From these two features of experimental ontology something follows for democracy as an ontological problem. This problem does not dissolve in empirical settings, but these settings make possible its articulation by experimental means.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):



actor–network theory, empirical devices, environmental engagement, object-oriented political philosophy, political ontology, politics of objects, public demonstrations

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



June 2013Published
9 April 2013Published Online

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

12 Jul 2013 08:18

Last Modified:

23 Apr 2021 15:54

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)