Factor structure and construct validity of the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scales

Ho, Paul; Cooper, Andrew; Hall, Phillip and Smillie, Luke. 2015. Factor structure and construct validity of the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(2), pp. 200-208. ISSN 0022-3891 [Article]

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Feelings of pleasure felt in the moment of goal attainment (consummatory pleasure) are thought to be dissociable from feelings of desire connected with the motivated approach of goals (anticipatory pleasure). The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scales (TEPS; Gard, Gard, Kring, & John, 2006) was developed to assess individual differences in these distinct processes. Recently, an independent evaluation of the psychometric characteristic of a Chinese-translated TEPS suggested a more complex factor structure (Chan et al., 2012). The present study aimed to re-examine the factor structure and convergent and divergent validity of the TEPS in two previously unexamined multi-ethnic samples. University students in the United Kingdom (N=294) completed the TEPS while university students in Australia (N= 295) completed the TEPS as well as a battery of conceptually related questionnaires. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of Gard et al.’s (2006) two-factor model produced inadequate fit, which model-modification indices suggested may be due to item cross-loadings. This issue was examined further using an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), which revealed a clear two-factor solution despite cross-loadings among some items. Finally, mixed evidence for convergent-divergent validity was obtained, in terms of relationships between the TEPS and measures of anhedonia, approach-motivation and positive emotion.

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7 August 2014Published Online

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18 Jun 2014 13:33

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21 Apr 2021 13:16

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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