When Is It Okay to Exclude a Member of the Ingroup? Children's and Adolescents’ Social Reasoning

Hitti, Aline; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2014. When Is It Okay to Exclude a Member of the Ingroup? Children's and Adolescents’ Social Reasoning. Social Development, 23(3), pp. 451-469. ISSN 0961-205X [Article]

No full text available

Abstract or Description

Social exclusion of those who challenge group norms was investigated by asking children and adolescents, adolescents, age 9–13 years (N = 381), to evaluate exclusion of group members who deviated from group norms. Testing predictions from social reasoning developmental theories of group-based exclusion, children and adolescents evaluated exclusion based on group norms involving allocation of resources and group traditions about dress code. Exclusion of deviant members was viewed as increasingly wrong with age, but also varied by the type of norm the deviant challenged. Participants who reported disliking a deviant member who wanted to distribute money unequally also found it acceptable to exclude them. Those who disliked deviants who went against norms about dress codes did not think exclusion was warranted. These findings are discussed in the context of children's social-cognitive development regarding peer rejection as well as the role played by moral judgment and group dynamics.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


Additional Information:

The last author was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (#BCS-0840492)


social exclusion; group dynamics; moral judgment; group norms

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



August 2014Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

28 Oct 2014 16:43

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 12:43

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



Edit Record Edit Record (login required)