Effect of mindfulness meditation on brain-computer interface performance

Tan, Lee-Fan; Dienes, Zoltan; Jansari, Ashok S. and Goh, Sing-Yau. 2014. Effect of mindfulness meditation on brain-computer interface performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 23, pp. 12-21. ISSN 1053-8100 [Article]

Tan et al Mindfulness meditation and BCI.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (136kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Electroencephalogram based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) enable stroke and motor neuron disease patients to communicate and control devices. Mindfulness meditation has been claimed to enhance metacognitive regulation. The current study explores whether mindfulness meditation training can thus improve the performance of BCI users. To eliminate the possibility of expectation of improvement influencing the results, we introduced a music training condition. A norming study found that both meditation and music interventions elicited clear expectations for improvement on the BCI task, with the strength of expectation being closely matched. In the main 12 week intervention study, seventy-six healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups: a meditation training group; a music training group; and a no treatment control group. The mindfulness meditation training group obtained a significantly higher BCI accuracy compared to both the music training and notreatment control groups after the intervention, indicating effects of meditation above and beyond expectancy effects.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):



Brain–computer interface; BCI performance; Mindfulness; Meditation; Music; Expectation

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



January 2014Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

19 Jan 2015 11:58

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:05

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)