Enumerating Photography from Spot Meter to CCD

Cubitt, Sean; Palmer, Daniel and Walkling, Les. 2015. Enumerating Photography from Spot Meter to CCD. Theory, Culture & Society, 32(7-8), pp. 245-265. ISSN 0263-2764 [Article]

MED_Cubitt_2013.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (246kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

The transition from analogue to digital photography was not accomplished in a single step. It required a number of feeder technologies which enabled and structured the nature of digital photography. Among those traced in this article, the most important is the genesis of the raster grid, which is now hard-wired into the design of the most widely employed photographic chip, the charge-coupled device (CCD). In tracing this history from origins in half-tone printing, the authors argue that qualities available to analogue photographers are no longer available to digital, and that these changes correspond to historical developments in the wider political and economic world. They conclude, however, that these losses may yet be turned into gains.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


Additional Information:

This article was written with the support of the Australia Research Council Discovery Grant DP087237.


analogue, CCD, digital, photography, raster

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Media, Communications and Cultural Studies


December 2015Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

13 Oct 2015 17:08

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:12

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)