Point-based medialness for 2D shape description and identification

Aparajeya, Prashant and Leymarie, Frederic Fol. 2016. Point-based medialness for 2D shape description and identification. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 75(3), pp. 1667-1699. ISSN 1380-7501 [Article]


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Abstract or Description

Abstract We propose a perception-based medial point description of a natural form (2D: static or in articulated movement) as a framework for a shape representation which can then be efficiently used in biological species identification and matching tasks. Medialness is defined by adapting and refining a definition first proposed in the cognitive science literature when studying the visual attention of human subjects presented with articulated biological 2D forms in movement, such as horses, dogs and humans (walking, running). In particular, special loci of high medialness for the interior of a form in movement, referred to as “hot spots”, prove most attractive to the human perceptual system. We propose an algorithmic process to identify such hot spots. In this article we distinguish exterior from interior shape representation. We further augment hot spots with extremities of medialness ridges identifying significant concavities (from outside) and convexities (from inside). Our representation is strongly footed in results from cognitive psychology, but also inspired by know-how in art and animation, and the algorithmic part is influenced by techniques from more traditional computer vision. A robust shape matching algorithm is designed that finds the most relevant targets from a database of templates by comparing feature points in a scale, rotation and translation invariant way. The performance of our method has been tested on several databases. The robustness of the algorithm is further tested by perturbing the data-set at different levels.

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1 February 2016Published
19 May 2015Published Online
1 April 2015Accepted

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22 Mar 2016 09:39

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:16

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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