The Level of Reaction Time Determines the ERP Correlates of Auditory Negative Priming

Mayr, Susanne; Niedeggen, Michael; Buchner, Axel and Orgs, Guido. 2006. The Level of Reaction Time Determines the ERP Correlates of Auditory Negative Priming. Journal of Psychophysiology, 20(3), pp. 186-194. ISSN 0269-8803 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Responding to a stimulus that had to be ignored previously is usually slowed-down (negative priming effect). This study investigates the reaction time and ERP effects of the negative priming phenomenon in the auditory domain. Thirty participants had to categorize sounds as musical instruments or animal voices. Reaction times were slowed-down in the negative priming condition relative to two control conditions. This effect was stronger for slow reactions (above intraindividual median) than for fast reactions (below intraindividual median). ERP analysis revealed a parietally located negativity of the negative priming condition compared to the control conditions between 550-730 ms poststimulus. This replicates the findings of Mayr, Niedeggen, Buchner, and Pietrowsky (2003). The ERP correlate was more pronounced for slow trials (above intraindividual median) than for fast trials (below intraindividual median). The dependency of the negative priming effect size on the reaction time level found in the reaction time analysis as well as in the ERP analysis is consistent with both the inhibition as well as the episodic retrieval account of negative priming. A methodological artifact explanation of this effect-size dependency is discussed and discarded.

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auditory processing, negative priming, attention, ERPs, reaction times, median split analysis

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Date Deposited:

03 Jun 2016 16:13

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:24

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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