Gender, Internet identification and Internet anxiety: Correlates of Internet use

Joiner, Richard; Gavin, Jeff; Duffield, Jill; Brosnan, Mark J.; Crook, Charles; Durndell, Alan; Maras, Pam; Miller, Jane; Scott, Adrian J. and Lovatt, Peter. 2005. Gender, Internet identification and Internet anxiety: Correlates of Internet use. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 8(4), pp. 371-378. ISSN 1094-9313 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

This paper reports a study that investigated the effects of gender, Internet anxiety, and Internet identification on use of the Internet. The study involved 608 undergraduate students (490 females and 118 males). We surveyed the students' experience with the Internet, as well as their levels of Internet anxiety and Internet identification. We found a number of gender differences in participants' use of the Internet. Males were proportionally more likely to have their own web page than were females. They used the Internet more than females; in particular, they were more likely to use game websites, to use other specialist websites, and to download material from the Internet. However, females did not use the Internet for communication more than males. There was a significant positive relationship between Internet identification and total use of the Internet, and a significant negative relationship between Internet anxiety and total use of the Internet. Controlling for Internet identification and Internet anxiety, we found a significant and negative correlation between gender and use of the Internet. In total, all three of our predictors accounted for 40% of the variance in general Internet use: with Internet identification accounting for 26%, Internet anxiety accounting for 11%, and gender accounting for 3%.

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Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology > Forensic Psychology Unit


1 January 2005Accepted
1 August 2005Published

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Date Deposited:

19 May 2017 12:40

Last Modified:

12 May 2022 15:42

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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