Using Virtual Reality to investigate multitasking ability in individuals with frontal lobe lesions

Denmark, Tanya; Fish, Jessica; Jansari, Ashok S.; Tailor, Jignesh; Keyoumars, Ashkan and Morris, Robin. 2019. Using Virtual Reality to investigate multitasking ability in individuals with frontal lobe lesions. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 29(5), pp. 767-788. ISSN 0960-2011 [Article]

Denmark, Fish, Jansari, Tailor, Keyoumars & Morris_Neuropsychological Rehabiliation_in_press2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (871kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Individuals with lesions in the prefrontal cortex often show impairments with the organisation of their behaviour in everyday life. These difficulties can be hard to detect using structured formal tests. The objective of this study was to use Virtual Reality (VR) to explore the multitasking performance of individuals with focal frontal lobe lesions, specifically using the Jansari assessment of Executive Functions (JEF© Jansari et al., 2014). Nineteen individuals with frontal lobe lesions were compared with 19 matched controls on the test and a group of commonly used clinical measures of neuropsychological functioning, as well as questionnaire measures of everyday activity, anxiety and depression. There was a significant difference between groups on the overall JEF© score and on five of the eight individual constructs, namely the planning, creative thinking, adaptive thinking, event-based Prospective Memory (PM) and time-based PM constructs. There were no differences between groups on the non-VR EF individual measures apart from on one EF control measure, Trail Making A. These results demonstrate the potential clinical utility of the JEF© and highlight the value of ecologically valid VR measures in detecting impairments in EF in individuals with frontal lobe lesions.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


Executive function; Prefrontal cortex; Virtual Reality; Ecologically valid; Neuropsychology.

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



9 May 2017Accepted
8 June 2017Published Online
March 2019Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

17 May 2017 15:16

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:27

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)