Cross-cultural variation in political leadership styles

Parammova, Petia and Blumberg, Herbert. 2017. Cross-cultural variation in political leadership styles. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 13(4), pp. 749-766. [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Guided by gaps in the literature with regard to the study of politicians the aim of the research is to explore cross-cultural differences in political leaders’ style. It compares the MLQ (Avolio & Bass, 2004) scores of elected political leaders (N = 140) in Bulgaria and the UK. The statistical exploration of the data relied on multivariate analyses of covariance. The findings of comparisons across the two groups reveal that compared to British political leaders, Bulgarian leaders were more likely to frequently use both transactional and passive/avoidant behaviours. The study tests Bass’s (1997) strong assertion about the universality of transformational leadership. It contributes to the leadership literature by providing directly measured data relating to the behaviours of political leaders. Such information on the characteristics of politicians could allow for more directional hypotheses in subsequent research, exploring the contextual influences within transformational leadership theory. The outcomes might also aid applied fields. Knowledge gained of culturally different leaders could be welcomed by multicultural political and economic unions, wherein understanding and allowances might aid communication.

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Identification Number (DOI):


leadership, political leadership, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, passive/avoidant leadership, MLQ, crosscultural

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29 June 2017Accepted
30 November 2017Published

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Date Deposited:

07 Dec 2017 10:23

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:42

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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