On XLE index constituents’ social media based sentiment informing the index trend and volatility prediction

Marechal, Frederic; Stamate, Daniel; Olaniyan, Rapheal and Marek, Jiri. 2018. 'On XLE index constituents’ social media based sentiment informing the index trend and volatility prediction'. In: 10th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence (ICCCI 2018). Bristol, United Kingdom. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract or Description

Collective intelligence represented as sentiment extracted
from social media mining found applications in various areas. Numerous studies involving machine learning modelling have demonstrated that such sentiment information may or may not have predictive power on the stock market trend. This research investigates the predictive information of sentiment regarding the Energy Select Sector related XLE index and of its constituents, on the index and its volatility, based on a novel robust machine learning approach. While we demonstrate that sentiment does not have any impact on any of the trend prediction scenarios investigated here related to XLE and its constituents, the sentiment’s impact on volatility predictions is significant. The proposed volatility
prediction modelling approach, based on Jordan and Elman recurrent neural networks, demonstrates that the addition of sentiment or sentiment moment reduces the prediction root mean square error (RMSE) to about one third. The experiments we conducted also demonstrate
that the addition of sentiment reduces the RMSE for 24 out of the 36 stocks/constituents, representing 87.9% of the index weight. This is the first study in the literature relating to the prediction of the market trend or the volatility based on an index and its constituents’ sentiment.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


Sentiment analysis, Machine learning, Stock market prediction, Volatility, Imputation, Feature selection, Random forest, SVM, Elman and Jordan recurrent neural networks

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



18 May 2018Accepted
27 August 2018Published

Event Location:

Bristol, United Kingdom

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

18 Sep 2018 12:45

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:49



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