Discourses of Multilingualism, Identity and Belonging: The View of Arabic Bilinguals in the UK

Said, Fatma Faisal Saad. 2018. Discourses of Multilingualism, Identity and Belonging: The View of Arabic Bilinguals in the UK. Journal of Social Science Education, 17(4), pp. 84-101. ISSN 1611-9665 [Article]

document (1).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (279kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

This sociolinguistic paper discusses the relationship between language and belonging from the perspective of Arabic‐English speaking bilinguals. It explores what knowledge of language(s) means for the minority language speaker and investigates the challenges, consequences and opportunities multilingualism poses for its speakers in a globalised era that is fraught with re‐imagining nationalism, country, security, loyalty, and belonging. The project reported in this paper aimed to (1) understand the symbolisms the Arabic language held for its speakers, (2) understand the ramifications knowledge of Arabic had for these bilinguals; and (3) explore how second generation Arabic heritage speakers define their identities and feelings of belonging to the UK.

Sixty‐two people took part in the project; data was collected through a short survey followed up by interviews that further explored issues of multilingualism, identity and belonging. Data from interviews and qualitative responses from the survey were analysed thematically in light of Ingrid Piller’s emerging linguistic social justice framework (Piller, 2016).

The findings suggest that English and Arabic are equally important to speakers; additionally Arabic is highly symbolic for reasons of religion, family, and cultural ties. The results however, also point to the apprehensiveness speakers have in using Arabic in public because they fear that they may be deemed too different, weird, abnormal, dangerous, disloyal or untrustworthy (Tonkin, 2003). The data implies that such hesitation leads to an anxiety of being viewed as ‘other’ and challenges how some young people envision their current and future belonging to the UK society.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):



Arabic language, migration, language, identity, belonging, linguistic justice

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

English and Comparative Literature


28 September 2018Accepted
11 December 2018Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

06 Feb 2019 16:47

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 17:06

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)