Investigating the phenomenon of career promotions: a gender perspective

Aloyan, Kristina. 2019. Investigating the phenomenon of career promotions: a gender perspective. Doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths, University of London [Thesis]

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Abstract or Description

This thesis examines possible determinants of gender differences in career promotions. Previous research presents some evidence suggesting that women are often disadvantaged when it comes to promotions, including access to senior positions and powerful decision-making groups. However, the topic of gender and promotions lacks a comprehensive assessment with findings scattered across different fields of research. This thesis attempts to understand the extent of the problem and explore the factors that might cause gender differences in promotions. It builds on the existing literature within organisational and occupational psychology, sociology, and management. The thesis comprises of four empirical studies. Study 1 presents a meta-analysis of gender differences in promotions and examines several moderators. It reveals a small but significant gender difference in promotions; marital status and work experience are important moderators between the promotions – gender relationship. Study 2 examines gender differences in career interests as an explanatory factor for variation in career achievements using confirmatory factor analysis. It reveals a small gender difference in career interests and highlights the need to explore the link between interests and career achievements further. Study 3 adopts a social network analysis perspective and explores the moderating role of gender between features of formal networks and various career outcomes. It shows that gender moderates the relationship between network density and high potential membership. Finally, Study 4 examines men’s and women’s perceptions of communication patterns at work in relation to promotions and seniority. It reveals a significant moderation effect of gender between external perceptions of individuals’ communication patterns in the workplace settings and promotions. The thesis concludes with a discussion of recommendations that might facilitate women’s promotions in organisations. It also presents the limitations and directions for future research.

Item Type:

Thesis (Doctoral)

Identification Number (DOI):


Career Promotion, Gender, Career Success, Meta-Analysis, Social Network Analysis, Career Interests

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Institute of Management Studies


31 May 2019

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2019 13:55

Last Modified:

07 Sep 2022 17:14


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