I feel better naked: Communal naked activity increases body appreciation by reducing social physique anxiety.

West, Keon. 2021. I feel better naked: Communal naked activity increases body appreciation by reducing social physique anxiety. Journal of Sex Research, 58(8), pp. 958-966. ISSN 0022-4499 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Positive body image predicts several measures of happiness, well-being, and sexual functioning. Prior research has suggested a link between communal naked activity and positive body image, but has thus far not clarified either the direction or mechanisms of this relationship. This was the first randomised controlled trail of the effects of nakedness on body image. Two potential explanatory mediators of this effect were also investigated. Fifty-one participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups in which they interacted with other people either naked (naked condition) or clothed (control condition). All participants completed measures of body appreciation before and after the intervention, as well as measures of the relative perceived attractiveness of others and social physique anxiety immediately after the intervention. Perceived attractiveness of others was neither affected by the manipulation nor corelated with body appreciation. However, as expected, participants in the naked condition reported more body appreciation, an effect that was mediated by reductions in social physique anxiety. This research provides initial evidence that naked activity can lead to improvements in body image and evidence of a specific explanatory mechanism. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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This research was funded in part (£682.85) by British Naturism.


nakedness; naturism; body image; body appreciation; social physique anxiety

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30 April 2020Accepted
5 June 2020Published Online

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Date Deposited:

05 May 2020 09:32

Last Modified:

24 Sep 2021 14:03

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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