Beamer, Benz, or Bentley: Mentions of products in hip hop and R&B music

Metcalfe, Tim and Ruth, Nicolas. 2020. Beamer, Benz, or Bentley: Mentions of products in hip hop and R&B music. International Journal of Music Business Research, 9(1), pp. 41-62. ISSN 2227-5789 [Article]

Metcalfe Ruth (2020) Beamer Benz or Bentley - Mentions of products in Hip Hop and RnB music.pdf - Published Version

Download (505kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Mentions of commercial products are common in hip hop and R&B lyrics, relative to other genres of popular music, although the potential impacts of this are not wellunderstood. Since these songs reach millions of people daily, it is pertinent to study the nature of these product mentions – in turn facilitating further research on their effects. In order to provide an overview of the product mentions that are present in hip hop and R&B lyrics between 1990 and 2017, we undertook a large-scale content analysis (N = 2,650 song lyrics). Mentions of products were frequent, and the types of products being mentioned remained mostly consistent (predominantly cars, fashion and alcohol), although the rate increased dramatically over time. Most mentions were of high-end brands and were framed neutrally. Overall, lyrics mentioning products contained more diverse vocabulary and were much more likely to mention money. These findings are interpreted in relation to prior research and the music business in general.

Item Type:


Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



April 2020Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

01 Jun 2020 15:27

Last Modified:

01 Jun 2020 15:27

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)