Personality Traits and National Dilemma: Psychological Perspectives on Attitudes Toward the Peace Process in the Middle East

Tibon, Shira. 1998. Personality Traits and National Dilemma: Psychological Perspectives on Attitudes Toward the Peace Process in the Middle East. Doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths, University of London [Thesis]

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Abstract or Description

The general hypothesis that there are common dispositional personality traits that relate to individuals' attitudinal systems concerning a national dilemma was examined in a sample of 197 Israeli students. The specific research question was why do some people support the Peace Process in the Middle East while others do not.

Since there is as yet relatively little published research examining personality traits as related to peace attitudes and membership in political movements, such a focus is considered to contribute to the field of personality psychology as well as to that of peace research, conflict resolution and international relationships.

The basic assumption of various statements that relate mental disorders to membership in political movements is that personality traits are drawn upon, transformed and used by the movements to guide their activities, and to articulate their aims and values. Such statements form the stimulus field of the present research, examining the challenging puzzle of which configuration of personality traits, characterizes the "Pro-Peace Personality".

A multi-methodological approach, integrating self-rating scales (the four factors of the General Survey, GS, and the Big Five Inventory, BFI) and the Rorschach (examined on a sub-sample of26 subjects) has been suggested for the empirical examination of personality traits. The Pro-Peace Attitudes Index, PPAI, has been developed for investigating the attitudinal system. The results point to the existence of a "Pro-Peace Personality" that tends to be non-religious, less authoritarian conformist, more agreeable and unconventional, high on integrative complexity in psychological functioning, high in awareness to drives and impulses, less intensively reacting to affective stimuli, and high in open-mindedness and creativity.

A question is raised as to whether the results can be replicated on other groups of the Jewish Israeli population, on the Israeli Arab population, on the Arab countries' population and the Palestinians, as well as on other nations involved in political conflicts, such as within Northern Ireland. Generally, the research might be considered as bridging the gap between the micro and macro levels of analysis in social sciences by examining a problem in the field of international relations with concepts and tools of clinical psychology.

Item Type:

Thesis (Doctoral)

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.25602/GOLD.00028787

Keywords:

peace attitudes, political movements, personality psychology, peace research, conflict resolution, international relationships, Israel, Peace Process in the Middle East, Jewish Israeli population

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Date:

1998

Item ID:

28787

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2020 09:04

Last Modified:

15 Jun 2020 09:04

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/28787

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