Building a Heavy Metal World: Cultural Entrepreneurship in the Polish People’s Republic

Athanassiou, D and Musgrave, George. 2021. Building a Heavy Metal World: Cultural Entrepreneurship in the Polish People’s Republic. Artivate: A Journal of Entrepreneurship in the Arts, 10(1), pp. 1-19. ISSN 2164-7747 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

This paper explores how cultural entrepreneurs built a ‘heavy metal world’ in the Polish People’s Republic (PRL), focussing on the years 1980-89. By combining historical analysis with primary research to examine how both fans and artists alike acted together to overcome shortages, scarcity and repression, this paper supports definitions of cultural entrepreneurship which go beyond an economic orientation, and acts as case study to highlight the often uneasy co-existence between states and cultural production.

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Copyright (c) 2021 Dominic Athanassiou, George Musgrave

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


cultural entrepreneurship; heavy metal; music industry; counterculture; social capital

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Institute for Cultural and Creative Entrepreneurship (ICCE)


10 April 2020Submitted
11 November 2020Accepted
14 April 2021Published

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Date Deposited:

03 Dec 2020 11:03

Last Modified:

31 Jan 2023 15:46

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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