When cisgender, heterosexual men feel attracted to transgender women: Sexuality-norm violations lead to compensatory anti-gay prejudice

West, Keon and Borras Guevara, Martha Lucia. 2021. When cisgender, heterosexual men feel attracted to transgender women: Sexuality-norm violations lead to compensatory anti-gay prejudice. Journal of Homosexuality, ISSN 0091-8369 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Cisgender, heterosexual men’s adherence to gender norms and prejudice against sexual minorities increase after observing sexuality-based gender norm violations of others (i.e., non-normative sexual attractions). No research to date has investigated whether similar effects occur after experiencing sexuality-based gender norm violations of the self. This study investigated the effects of one such norm violation - attraction to transgender women - on adherence to gender roles and attitudes toward gay men. Photographs of female models were shown to cisgender, heterosexual men (N = 135, M age ± S.D. = 28.12 ± 8.81) who rated their attractiveness. Half the participants were informed (accurately) that the models were transgender women (transgender condition). Other participants were not offered this information, leaving them to assume the models were cisgender. All participants then reported their support for traditional gender norms and attitudes toward gay men. As expected, participants in the transgender condition reported less positive attitudes toward gay men, an effect mediated by increased support for traditional gender norms, and only present when the participants had rated the women as highly attractive. These results suggest a strategy to compensate for gender norm violations to re-establish men’s masculinity.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2021.1938467

Additional Information:

The European Research Council (starting grant (StG), SH3, ERC-2017-STG) supported this project.

The data that support the findings of this study are openly available in Open Science Foundation at https://osf.io/5sfyb/?view_only=4961abecd0594a8598dc8bdbaa969abc

Keywords:

sexuality gender norms, traditional gender norms, attitudes toward gay men, prejudice

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
15 October 2020Accepted
29 June 2021Published Online

Item ID:

29589

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2020 10:42

Last Modified:

24 Jul 2021 00:50

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

https://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/29589

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