The association between bullying‐victimisation and sleep disturbances in adolescence: Evidence from a twin study

Shakoor, S; Zavos, Helena M. S.; Gregory, Alice M. and Ronald, A.. 2021. The association between bullying‐victimisation and sleep disturbances in adolescence: Evidence from a twin study. Journal of Sleep Research, ISSN 0962-1105 [Article] (In Press)

[img] Text
Shakoor et al (2021) The association between bullying-victimisation and sleep disturbances in adolescence_AAM.pdf - Accepted Version
Permissions: Administrator Access Only until 5 March 2022.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (517kB)
[img]
Preview
Text
Gregory_The association between bullying‐victimisation and sleep disturbances in adolescence.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (502kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Bullying‐victimisation has been associated with sleep disturbances. This study investigated the degree to which subtypes of bullying‐victimisation in adolescence are linked with sleep disturbances. Genetic and environmental contributions underlying bullying‐victimisation and sleep disturbances were investigated. Participants (3,242–5,076 pairs) from a longitudinal community twin study reported on their bullying‐victimisation at the age of 14 years, and sleep quality and insomnia symptoms at age 16. Regression analyses were used, accounting for the role of individual and family factors. Structural equation twin model fitting was conducted. Bullying‐victimisation was modestly associated with sleep quality and insomnia symptoms (r = 0.22–0.23) and a similar strength of associations was found across bullying‐victimisation subtypes (r = 0.11–0.22). Bullying‐victimisation, sleep quality and insomnia symptoms were predominantly influenced by genes (25–59%) and non‐shared environments (40–62%). The association between bullying‐victimisation and sleep quality was explained by genetic and non‐shared environmental influences. For insomnia symptoms and sleep quality, the association with bullying‐victimisation was in part explained by a genetic overlap. Associations between bullying‐victimisation and sleep disturbances are not limited to specific aspects of bullying‐victimisation but appear to exist for all subtypes. These findings stimulate research questions regarding the mechanisms underlying these links. For example, could certain heritable traits, such as temperament, increase vulnerability to experiencing sleep disturbances and being bullied? Research on bullying and sleep should aim to take the role of genetic predisposition into account, while also noting that it is not the only causal influence. Understanding more about these pathways could strengthen the development of techniques to prevent these difficulties from occurring.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13321

Keywords:

Bullying, sleep quality, insomnia symptoms, twin study, behavioural genetics

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
9 February 2021Accepted
5 March 2021Published Online

Item ID:

29716

Date Deposited:

11 Feb 2021 11:37

Last Modified:

25 Jun 2021 05:08

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

https://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/29716

View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)