Gender and age differences in the presentation of at-risk or probable Developmental Coordination Disorder in adults.

Cleaton, MAM; Tal-Saban, M; Hill, Elisabeth L. and Kirby, A.. 2021. Gender and age differences in the presentation of at-risk or probable Developmental Coordination Disorder in adults. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 115, 104010. ISSN 0891-4222 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Background: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), also called Dyspraxia, is a common Neurodevelopmental Disorder (NDD) that affects motor coordination with a marked impact on both academic and day-to-day living activities. It is increasingly clear that NDDs such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder may present differently in males and females, resulting in under diagnoses of women and girls.

Aims: To consider age and gender differences in the presentation of at-risk and probable DCD. Methods and Procedures: A sample of 1,476 adults aged 16-60 years were surveyed online using the Adult DCD Checklist.

Outcomes and Results: Women with at-risk ( n = 1 8 6 , 1 6 . 6 % ) or probable DCD (n=6 4 3 , 5 6 . 6 % ) reported significantly greater gross motor and non-motor difficulties and significantly greater impact on activities and participation, whereas men with at-risk (n= 58,16.3%) or probable (n=177,49.9%), DCD reported significantly greater fine motor difficulties. Emerging adults (aged 16-25 years) with at-risk (n=65,14.3%) or probable (293,64.3%) DCD reported significantly greater fine motor and non-motor difficulties than adults (aged 26-60+ years) with at-risk (n=179,17.5%) or probable (n=518, 50.8%) DCD.

Conclusions and Implications: Both age and gender differences were found in the presentation of at-risk and probable DCD in adults. This may have implications for the development of future DCD assessment tools and for the training of front-line staff who may encounter individuals with DCD throughout their lives, including teachers, doctors and employers’ Human Resources and Occupational Health staff.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2021.104010

Keywords:

Developmental Coordination Disorder; Dyspraxia; adult; gender; age; emerging adulthood

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
3 June 2021Accepted
15 June 2021Published Online
August 2021Published

Item ID:

30196

Date Deposited:

21 Jun 2021 09:26

Last Modified:

04 Aug 2021 02:58

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

https://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/30196

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