Symptom variability in depersonalization–derealization disorder: A latent profile analysis

Millman, L.S.M.; Hunter, Elaine C.M.; Orgs, Guido; David, Anthony S. and Terhune, Devin Blair. 2021. Symptom variability in depersonalization–derealization disorder: A latent profile analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0021-9762 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Objective
Depersonalization–derealization disorder (DDD) is characterized by diverse symptomatology overlapping with anxiety and dissociative disorders, but the sources of this variability are poorly understood. This study aims to determine whether symptom heterogeneity is attributable to the presence of latent subgroups.

Method
We applied latent profile analysis to psychometric measures of anxiety, depersonalization–derealization, and dissociation in 303 DDD patients.

Results
The analysis yielded evidence for five discrete subgroups: three of varying severity levels and two moderate-to-severe classes characterized by differential dissociative symptoms. The five classes reliably differed on several nondissociative symptoms, comorbidities, and factors precipitating their diagnosis but did not significantly differ in other symptoms including anxiety.

Conclusion
These results suggest the presence of three distinct DDD subtypes in the upper severity range that are distinguished by differential expression of detachment and compartmentalization symptoms. Further elucidation of these subtypes has potential implications for the etiology, mechanisms, and treatment of DDD.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23241

Additional Information:

Research Funding:
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths University of London. Grant Number: Departmental PhD Bursary

Keywords:

anxiety, depersonalization–derealization disorder, dissociation, heterogeneity, latent profile analysis

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
15 August 2021Accepted
6 September 2021Published Online

Item ID:

30502

Date Deposited:

13 Sep 2021 08:41

Last Modified:

15 Sep 2021 07:12

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

https://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/30502

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