Social identity threat across group status: Links to psychological well-being and intergroup bias through collective narcissism and ingroup satisfaction

Bagci, Sabahat Cigdem; Stathi, Sophia and Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka. 2023. Social identity threat across group status: Links to psychological well-being and intergroup bias through collective narcissism and ingroup satisfaction. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 29(2), pp. 208-220. ISSN 1099-9809 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objectives. Through two correlational studies (Study 1: Turkish majority, Kurdish minority; Study 2: White British majority; Black minority), we examined the implications of social identity threat for majority and minority ethnic group members’ psychological well-being and intergroup bias, using a social identity framework that incorporates the recently highlighted distinction between narcissistic and non-narcissistic positive evaluation of the ingroup (i.e., collective narcissism and ingroup satisfaction, respectively).

Method. Online questionnaires were completed by 397 Turkish nationals (265 ethnic Turks and 132 ethnic Kurds, Mage = 32.81, SD = 11.67) in Study 1 and 351 British individuals (163 White and 188 Black British; Mage = 31.47, SD = 10.84) in Study 2.

Results. Social identity threat was consistently associated with collective narcissism among all ethnic groups, whereas it was either unrelated or related negatively to ingroup satisfaction. Collective narcissism was positively associated with intergroup bias among both majority and minority groups. Unexpectedly, ingroup satisfaction was also related to greater bias particularly among majority members. In all groups, ingroup satisfaction (but not collective narcissism) was directly associated with greater psychological well-being.

Conclusions. Findings highlight the importance of exploring the narcissistic component of positive ingroup evaluation to provide a more nuanced understanding of the relationships between social identity threat and personal well-being, as well as intergroup bias.

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“©American Psychological Association, 2021. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. The final article is available, upon publication, at: 10.1037/cdp0000509”


Identity threat; collective narcissism; ingroup satisfaction; intergroup bias; psychological well-being

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9 December 2021Published Online

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Date Deposited:

19 Nov 2021 10:13

Last Modified:

27 Mar 2023 14:38

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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