Quantum Noise and Stochastic Reduction

Brody, D C and Hughston, L P. 2006. Quantum Noise and Stochastic Reduction. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 39(4), 833 - 876. ISSN 0305-4470 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

In standard nonrelativistic quantum mechanics the expectation of the energy is a conserved quantity. It is possible to extend the dynamical law associated with the evolution of a quantum state consistently to include a nonlinear stochastic component, while respecting the conservation law. According to the dynamics thus obtained, referred to as the energy-based stochastic Schrodinger equation, an arbitrary initial state collapses spontaneously to one of the energy eigenstates, thus describing the phenomenon of quantum state reduction. In this paper, two such models are investigated: one that achieves state reduction in infinite time and the other in finite time. The properties of the associated energy expectation process and the energy variance process are worked out in detail. By use of a novel application of a nonlinear filtering method, closed-form solutions-algebraic in character and involving no integration-are obtained of both these models. In each case, the solution is expressed in terms of a random variable representing the terminal energy of the system and an independent noise process. With these solutions at hand it is possible to simulate explicitly the dynamics of the quantum states of complicated physical systems

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11 January 2006Published
11 January 2006Accepted

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07 Feb 2022 16:39

Last Modified:

07 Feb 2022 19:19

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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