ASMR amplifies low frequency and reduces high frequency oscillations

Swart, Thomas R.; Banissy, Michael J.; Hein, Thomas P.; Bruña, Ricardo; Pereda, Ernesto and Bhattacharya, Joydeep. 2022. ASMR amplifies low frequency and reduces high frequency oscillations. Cortex, 149, pp. 85-100. ISSN 0010-9452 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR) describes an atypical multisensory experience of calming, tingling sensations in response to a specific subset of social audiovisual triggers. To date, the electrophysiological (EEG) correlates of ASMR remain largely unexplored. Here we sought to provide source-level signatures of oscillatory changes induced by this phenomenon and investigate potential decay effects—oscillatory changes in the absence of self-reported ASMR. We recorded brain activity using EEG as participants watched ASMR-inducing videos and self-reported changes in their state: no change (Baseline); enhanced relaxation (Relaxed); and ASMR sensations (ASMR). Statistical tests in the sensor-space were used to inform contrasts in the source-space, executed with beamformer reconstruction. ASMR modulated oscillatory power by decreasing high gamma (52–80 Hz) relative to Relaxed and by increasing alpha (8–13 Hz) and decreasing delta (1–4 Hz) relative to Baseline. At the source level, ASMR increased power in the low-mid frequency ranges (8–18 Hz) and decreased power in high frequency (21–80 Hz). ASMR decay effects reduced gamma (30–80 Hz) and in the source-space reduced high-beta/gamma power (21–80 Hz). The temporal profile of ASMR modulations in high-frequency power later shifts to lower frequencies (1–8 Hz), except for an enhanced alpha, which persists for up to 45 min post self-reported ASMR. Crucially, these results provide the first evidence that the cortical sources of ASMR tingling sensations may arise from decreases in higher frequency oscillations and that ASMR may induce a sustained relaxation state.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2022.01.004

Additional Information:

This research was supported by a grant from the BIAL Foundation [#71/18].

The study in this article earned an Open Data and Open Materials badges for transparent practices. Data and Materials for this study can be found at: https://osf.io/dg3y5/?view_only=9e7276fd3b2e44a6a3ca5943cba610fe.

Keywords:

ASMR; Autonomous sensory meridian response; EEG; Beamformer; Source reconstruction

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
10 January 2022Accepted
2 February 2022Published Online
April 2022Published

Item ID:

31487

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2022 13:47

Last Modified:

09 May 2022 08:54

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

https://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/31487

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