Qualities of culturally and religiously sensitive practice: a cross-sectional study

Pentaris, Panagiotis and Christodoulou, Panayiota. 2021. Qualities of culturally and religiously sensitive practice: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Palliative Care, ISSN 0825-8597 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Background: Culture and religion influence lived experience and particularly dying and grieving. Research has largely focused on exploring culturally and religiously sensitive practices, but not necessarily in palliative and hospice care or across nations. Acquired knowledge from the more advanced end-of-life care systems (eg the UK) tends to be generalized to other contexts where its cultural appropriation is not tested.

Aim: This study explored the different qualities, among hospice and palliative professionals in Cyprus, describing cultural competence, cultural humility, and religious literacy.

Design: A cross-sectional study of 41 palliative and hospice professionals in Cyprus, with the use of a 5-point Likert style questionnaire (a = 0.898).

Setting: The study took place in Cyprus and participants were recruited from across palliative and hospice care organizations, including the only hospice in Cyprus, Cyprus Association of Cancer Patients and Friends (PASYKAF), and the Cyprus Anti-Cancer Society (CACS).

Results: This study found that there are four main qualities that lead to effective culturally and religiously sensitive practice—informed decision-making, respect, adaptability, and nonjudgmental practice.

Conclusions: Future education and training of professionals can consider these findings to appropriate approaches in practice that fit the Cypriot end-of-life care context more effectively.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):



culture, religion, palliative care, Cyprus, hospice

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS)
Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS) > Faiths and Civil Society
Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS) > Social Work
Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS) > Thanatology Research Lab


29 November 2021Published Online

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Date Deposited:

10 Oct 2022 08:56

Last Modified:

10 Jul 2024 09:53

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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