Attitudes and perceptions of paramedics about end-of-life care: a literature review

Pentaris, Panagiotis and Mehmet, Nevin. 2019. Attitudes and perceptions of paramedics about end-of-life care: a literature review. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 11(5), pp. 206-215. ISSN 1759-1376 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Background: Paramedics must be prepared to respond to crises in which a threat to a patient's health may result in death. They are therefore highly involved with end-of-life care.

Aims: Involvement with end-of-life care is the context in which this paper examines how paramedics perceive and respond to this part of their role.

Methods: This is a systematic literature review that examines current evidence.

Findings: Five themes emerged, which suggest that paramedics are not prepared to work with crisis situations involving the end of patients' lives: emotional resilience; decision making; communicating death; recognising dying patients; and death education.

Conclusion: The current review concludes that the dearth of data is not preventing improvements in services, nor education and training, in this field.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI): Sections View article


end of life; paramedics; emergency care; dying; emergency staff; perceptions; death

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS)
Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS) > Faiths and Civil Society
Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS) > Social Work


7 May 2019Published

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Date Deposited:

10 Oct 2022 12:43

Last Modified:

10 Oct 2022 12:43

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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