Homophobia and national collective narcissism in populist Poland

Mole, Richard C. M.; Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka and Adraq, Mahmut Murat. 2021. Homophobia and national collective narcissism in populist Poland. European Journal of Sociology, 62(1), pp. 37-70. ISSN 0003-9756 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Opposition to sexual minority rights in Poland is among the highest in the EU. Populist political actors in the country repeatedly scapegoat gays and lesbians, presenting them as a threat to the Polish nation and its shared norms and values, particularly those derived from religion. Building upon previous research which shows how discourse constructing homosexuality as a threat to the nation has been used by social and political actors to legitimize homophobic rhetoric and behaviour, our paper shows whether nationalism—understood here as national collective narcissism—predicts prejudice towards gays and lesbians at the level of individual beliefs.

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This article has been published in a revised form in European Journal of Sociology [http://doi.org/10.1017/S0003975621000072]. This version is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND licence. No commercial re-distribution or re-use allowed. Derivative works cannot be distributed. © European Journal of Sociology 2021.

This project was funded by the Noble Foundation’s Programme on Modern Poland [http://pomp.com.pl/en]. The project ran from September 2018 to October 2019.


collective narcissism, homophobia, Poland, nationalism, populism

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17 September 2021Published Online

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08 Dec 2022 10:16

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08 Dec 2022 10:36

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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