The Influence of Music Liking on Episodic Memory for Rich Spatiotemporal Contexts

Murphy, Ellen; North, E.; Nawaz, Safiyyah and Omigie, Diana. 2023. The Influence of Music Liking on Episodic Memory for Rich Spatiotemporal Contexts. Memory, 31(5), pp. 589-604. ISSN 0965-8211 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

It is thought that the presence of music influences episodic memory encoding. However, no studies have isolated the influence of music liking- the hedonic value listeners attribute to a musical stimulus- from that of the core affect induced by the presence of that music. In an online survey, participants rated musical excerpts in terms of how much they liked them, as well as in terms of felt valence, felt arousal and familiarity. These ratings were then used to inform the stimuli presented in an online episodic memory task which, across different scenarios, involved dragging cued objects to cued locations and then recalling details of what was moved, where they were moved to and the order of movements made. Our results showed an influence of liking and music-reward sensitivity on memory for what was moved, as well as a detrimental effect of arousing stimuli on memory for un-cued scenario details. Taken together, our study showcases the importance of episodic memory paradigms that involve rich spatiotemporal contexts and provides insights into how different aspects of episodic memory may be influenced by the presence of music.

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Data Access Statement:

Data availability statement: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, DO, upon reasonable request.


music, episodic memory, what-where-when, emotion, liking

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology > Centre for Cognition, Computation and Culture (CCCC)


28 November 2022Accepted
April 2023Published Online

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Date Deposited:

24 Feb 2023 12:08

Last Modified:

25 Apr 2023 14:01

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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