Investigating User Experience Using Gesture-based and Immersive-based Interfaces on Animation Learners

Mohd Mokhtar, Ezwan. 2023. Investigating User Experience Using Gesture-based and Immersive-based Interfaces on Animation Learners. Doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths, University of London [Thesis]

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Abstract or Description

Creating animation is a very exciting activity. However, the long and laborious process can be extremely challenging. Keyframe animation is a complex technique that takes a long time to complete, as the procedure involves changing the poses of characters through modifying the time and space of an action, called frame-by-frame animation. This involves the laborious, repetitive process of constantly reviewing results of the animation in order to make sure the movement-timing is accurate.
A new approach to animation is required in order to provide a more intuitive animating experience. With the evolution of interaction design and the Natural User Interface (NUI) becoming widespread in recent years, a NUI-based animation system is expected to allow better usability and efficiency that would benefit animation.
This thesis investigates the effectiveness of gesture-based and immersive-based interfaces as part of animation systems. A practice-based element of this research is a prototype of the hand gesture interface, which was created based on experiences from reflective practices. An experimental design is employed to investigate the usability and efficiency of gesture-based and immersive-based interfaces in comparison to the conventional GUI/WIMP interface application.
The findings showed that gesture-based and immersive-based interfaces are able to attract animators in terms of the efficiency of the system. However, there was no difference in their preference for usability with the two interfaces. Most of our participants are pleasant with NUI interfaces and new technologies used in the animation process, but for detailed work and taking control of the application, the conventional GUI/WIMP is preferable. Despite the awkwardness of devising gesture-based and immersive-based interfaces for animation, the concept of the system showed potential for a faster animation process, an enjoyable learning system, and stimulating interest in a kinaesthetic learning experience.

Item Type:

Thesis (Doctoral)

Identification Number (DOI):


User Experience, Interaction Design, Gesture Interface, Immersive Interface, Animation

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



31 July 2023

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

24 Aug 2023 15:06

Last Modified:

24 Aug 2023 15:07


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