Nothing but stereotypes? Negligible sex differences across creativity measures in Science, Arts and Sports adolescent high achievers

Repeykova, Vlada; Toivainen, Teemu; Lihanov, Maxim; van Broekhoven, Kim and Kovas, Yulia. 2024. Nothing but stereotypes? Negligible sex differences across creativity measures in Science, Arts and Sports adolescent high achievers. Journal of Creative Behavior, 58(1), pp. 47-65. ISSN 2162-6057 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Previous research has focused on understanding when, why and how sex differences in creativity occur, as results vary across samples, measures and methodologies. In the current study we investigated sex differences in creativity among 984 high achieving adolescents in three expertise areas: Sciences, Arts, and Sports.

Eight creativity indicators were analyzed: Alternative Uses Task (AUT) Fluency; Creative Self-Efficacy (CSE); intraindividual strengths (difference between CSE and AUT Fluency); 5 self-reported creativity scales: Self / Everyday, Scholarly, Performance, Mechanical / Scientific, Artistic.

The results showed negligible sex differences (np2 = .01), with females performing better in AUT Fluency and males self-rating their CSE higher. No sex differences were found in Self / Everyday, Scholarly and Performance creativity. Males self-rated their Mechanical / Scientific creativity (np2 = .06) higher than females; while females self-rated their Artistic creativity (np2 = .02) higher in comparison to males.

Our results extend the existing literature by finding negligible sex differences in adolescent expert groups. However, some stereotypical differences emerged, for example, females with Sciences expertise rated their Mechanical / Scientific creativity lower than males with and even without Sciences expertise. Results call for further investigation into the links between sex differences, expertise and specific creativity domains.

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Research funding: Tomsk State University Development Programme («Priority-2030»). Grant Number:

Data Access Statement:

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.


Sex differences, high-achieving adolescents, divergent thinking, Creative Self-Efficacy, Kaufman’s Domains of Creativity Scale, intraindividual strengths, expertise groups

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23 November 2023Published Online
March 2024Published

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Date Deposited:

15 Jan 2024 10:51

Last Modified:

16 May 2024 14:45

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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